Internet of Things (IoT)


IoT refers to Internet of Things. It simply means a set of objects or things that are connected by the network of internet. IoTs are a growing field in today’s technological advancement. Since internet is widely available to common citizens these days, IoTs have become a new way of dealing with things.

Starting with Artificial Intelligence, Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality, and many others which uses the internet to program and make a hypothetical reality, likewise IoT can be a lot beneficial in the development of such technology too, it can be used to develop general AI;

For example: Opening and closing of doors in smart homes, which requires the internet to connect and the usage of Voice Controlled Automation. These voice recognising “objects” that consists of Microphones and Speakers in order to listen and respond to the Users are made by Arduino or IoTs.

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1. Smart Homes

If these internet devices store all the data inputs and outputs given by the users, it might produce 5 quintillion bytes of data per day (i.e. 2.5 followed by 18 zeroes of data). These data can be used for creating Probability to improve the devices ability of voice recognition and to analyse and conclude what the user might be in need of. Hence, this way of storing all these data on the Cloud can be one major crucial method of development of Artificial Intelligence. These data can also be used for creating the Statistics of information that will then be sent to the company that the IoTs are made of, in order to improvise their products aka. it can help on the outlook of creating better versions of the product; and can give new suggestions to the users according to their requirement.

Now let’s take an example for understanding: You use your Google Home to play music at 7am every day, later you ask your Home to play the news brief at around 8 am, around 8:30 am you ask your Home to Shut the doors and Lock your home as you leave for work.

Hence your Home device after a month stores all this information, precisely of what work you do, at what time, and creates a statistic of data and this data hereby is stored on the Google Cloud which then will be used by Google to create a suggestion: So your Home device will ask you at 7 am whether it should play music or not, and at 8 am, whether it should play the brief and so on; making your work simpler by expecting you to give a one word answer: whether to accept or reject the command that it is supposed to follow.  Google also uses this data to predict or use probability by the inputs, say for improvised efficiency and voice patterns given by the user. Also, Google might use all these data for improving its own device, say from Home 2.0 to 2.1 with improved additional features of voice efficiency.  Alright, but this is not what IoT is, this is what IoT helps in making machines smarter via the internet!


2. Smart Grid

What is grid? “The grid” are the sections of electricity transmission lines, substations, transformers, and every means by which electricity is distributed, that are spread across a country. Each section forms a single grid. Now to the term “smart grid”, so when the grids becomes smart, here’s what it actually does: each kind of renewable resources of electricity generation, say thermal power plant, nuclear power plant, solar power plant, wind power plant, and all kinds of electricity generation plants would be connected to this smart grid, which will then supply the overall electricity hence produced to the industrial and residential areas.  Besides, the smart grid also uses varies appliance such as the smart metre (which is an electronic device that measures and records the amount of consumption of electricity), smart appliances (such as home area network).

Thereby ‘the Smart Grid uses IoT’ is in simpler terms, but getting deep into the fact, here’s how. IoT is sued on very large scale through this application. The smart grid also uses some of the many other kind of information namely, Radio Frequency Identification/RFID, infrared sensors, Global Positioning System/GPS, Laser scanners. Hence, energy efficient transmission network thereby will help in the transmission of electricity.

As told in the previous application, IoT is used by the voice automation devices to have a direct interface with the user, likewise, IoT in this application also in a similar manner helps in the transmission of electricity to the customers by the smart grid, as per need and requirements of the customers, and therefore uses a two-way communication.

3. Industrial Internet of Things IIOT

The IIOT is a network of smart devices that are connected to form systems that collect, process and analyse the data. An IIOT system consists of intelligent assets that can sense, communicate and store information about themselves; data communication infrastructure; analytics and applications that generate business from raw data such as Business Intelligence. IIOT also helps in finding the appropriate technicians, for service and management of the industry and identify technical issues before they become a major problem. IIOT gives high satisfaction to the customers by constantly staying in contact and communicating with the users through the internet; also another reason being that these IIOT devices does machine-to-machine communication(M2M) with very minimal human interaction or no human interaction at all.

The main purpose of such an application was possibly invented to, in the name of reducing the human intervention, to reduce the increased human errors that is quite common in industries, and to reduce manual labour which increases the profit for the business as a whole. Another reason why this is beneficial is that as human errors could take huge stakes down on the business to an equivalently high precision work done through the machines.

IIOT apart from IOT, connects with the other machines and industry related objects, whereas IOT on smaller scales connects with smaller smart appliances and such smart objects. These IIOT can therefore be used to and can be of ample importance in the development of modern-day robotics, machinery manufacturing, to build smarter cities and such.

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